There are four groups of the Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus). This is the southernmost sub species, Colaptes auratus mexicanoides (sometimes known as the Guatemalan Flicker). It is a typical woodpecker in many ways and uses old, decaying trees for food and nesting sites. However the species also spends a surprising amount of time on the ground, often picking insects out of hard dried cow pats. This sort of complex habitat use is very common among “forest” birds. Conservation initiatives in the tropics thus need to take a quite sophisticated view of landscape connectivity and habitat diversity. It is not a simple case of planting more trees. Incidentally as I have been asked to provide georeferences and dates, all photos unless otherwise stated have been taken within 1 km of my house ( 16°42’14.62″N, 92°36’32.71″W) and on the same day that they are posted to the weblog. This was on an alder tree along the side of a small stream.